This condition results from wear and tear of the disc and facet joints. It causes pain, inflammation, instability, and stenosis to a variable degree, and can occur at a single level or multiple levels of the lower spine. Spinal osteoarthritis is associated with aging and is slowly progressive. It is also referred to as spondylosis or degenerative joint disease.
*Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA):*
The joints and other organs are attacked by the body’s own immune system. The immune system normally protects a person from viruses, bacteria and
other invaders. In people with autoimmune diseases like RA, it becomes overactive and attacks healthy tissue. In the case of RA, the immune system primarily goes after the lining of the joints, called the synovium. Over time, the persistent inflammation breaks down the joint and damages it permanently.
Pain in RA can come from other parts of your joint besides the synovium, such as bone and ligaments.
*Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA):*
This is an autoimmune inflammatory disease in which the immune system attacks the body, causing inflammation and pain. PsA affects the joints,
causing arthritis; the connective tissue where tendons or ligaments attach to bones, causing enthesitis; and the skin, causing psoriasis.